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Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Key Points for Solving MCQ’s

1869: He was born on October 2 in Porbandar, India.

1882: He married Kasturba Gandhi at the age of 13.

1888: Mahatma Gandhi went to London to study law. And Pass bar exam in year 1891.

1893: He moved to South Africa and faced racial discrimination.

1901: Mahatma Gandhi attend his first session of Indian National Congress

1906: He launched his first Satyagraha (nonviolent resistance) campaign against the Transvaal government’s registration law for Indians.

1909:  Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule (1909) – This is Gandhi’s critique of modern civilization and his vision of an ideal society based on self-reliance and nonviolence. It was written in Gujrati and later translated into English.

1915: He returned to India and joined the Indian National Congress.

1915 : Ghandi get “Keser-e-Hind” title.

1915 : 25 May : Founded Satyagraha Aashram

1917 : Champaran Satyagraha (Ghandi first civil disobedience movement in India)

1918 : Kheda Satyagraha in Gujrat.

1919: Mahatma Gandhi led the nationwide protests against the Rowlett Act, which allowed the British to arrest and detain Indians without trial.

1919 : Khilafat All India Conference. Mahatma Gandhi was the Head of Committee of Khilafat Movement.

1920: He started the non-cooperation movement (1 Aug 1920), urging Indians to boycott British goods, institutions, and laws.

1920 : Mahatma Gandhi renounced (return) his title “Keser-e-Hind”. On 10 Mar 2022, he arrested for Sedition. Even Jamnalal Bajaj also return his “Rai Bahadur” title to Britishers.

1922: He was arrested and sentenced to six years in prison for sedition, but was released after two years on medical grounds.

1924: Mahatma Gandhi become President of Indian National Congress at Belgaum session.

1927: An Autobiography or “The Story of My Experiments with Truth” (1927). ).  It was originally written in Gujarati and later translated into English and other languages 

1930: He led the Savinay Awagya Aandolan “Dandi March”, a 240-mile walk to the sea to protest the British salt tax.

1931: He attended the Round Table Conference in London to negotiate India’s independence.

1932: He fasted for three weeks in prison to protest the British decision to separate the untouchables from the rest of the Hindu electorate.

1934: He resigned from the Congress and devoted himself to the constructive work of rural development, education, and sanitation.

1942: He launched the Quit India movement, calling for the British to leave India immediately or face a mass civil disobedience.

1944: He was released from his last imprisonment after suffering from malaria.

1946 : Bhagavad Gita According to Gandhi – This is Gandhi’s interpretation of the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gita, where he explains its relevance to his philosophy of nonviolence and truth

1947: He witnessed the partition of India and Pakistan, and tried to stop the communal violence that erupted.

1948: Key to Health – This is Gandhi’s guide to health and hygiene. Initially written in Gujarati.

1948: Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30 by Nathuram Godse.

Important Newspapers Associated with Mahatma Gandhi

The Indian Opinion (1903-1914): This was Gandhi’s first newspaper, which he started in South Africa to voice the grievances and demands of the Indian community there. It was published in four languages: English, Gujarati, Hindi, and Tamil. Editor : Mansukhlal Hiralal Nazar

Young India (1919-1931): This was Gandhi’s weekly paper in English, which he used to educate the public on his philosophy and practice of Satyagraha (nonviolent resistance). It also covered various issues related to India’s independence movement, social reform, and constructive work. Editor : Mahatma Gandhi

Navajivan (1919-1931): This was Gandhi’s weekly paper in Gujarati, which was the sister publication of Young India. It had a wider circulation and reached more rural and illiterate masses. It also contained Gandhi’s articles translated from Young India and other sources. Editor : Zafar Agha

Harijan (1933-1948): This was Gandhi’s weekly paper in English, which he started after his fast against untouchability in 1932. It was dedicated to the upliftment and welfare of the oppressed and downtrodden sections of society, especially the Harijans (untouchables). It also advocated for communal harmony, rural development, and swadeshi (self-reliance). Editor : Mahatma Gandhi

Harijan Bandhu (1933-1948): This was Gandhi’s weekly paper in Gujarati, which was the sister publication of Harijan. It had the same objectives and content as Harijan, but in a more simple and colloquial language.

Harijan Sevak (1933-1948): This was Gandhi’s weekly paper in Hindi, which was another sister publication of Harijan. It catered to the Hindi-speaking audience and had similar content as Harijan and Harijan Bandhu.

Current Affairs for February 2024

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